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The Roaring Twenties (1919–1929)

A flapper and jazz musicians on a 1920s McClure's magazine cover
Courtesy Library of Congress

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Chapter Outline

Section 1: Adjusting to Peacetime
Section 2: Changes in American Society
Section 3: The Jazz Age
Section 4: The Economy of the 1920s


After World War I, the United States focused on domestic issues under a series of Republican Presidents. The twenties brought many changes to mass culture and to the lives of women and African Americans. A burst of creativity energized the worlds of music and literature during what was known as the Jazz Age. The twenties were a time of widespread prosperity, but serious economic problems lay just beneath the surface.