Brief Review in Global History and Geography

When Cultures Collide

Document-Based Essay

This task is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents and is based on the accompanying documents (1–6). Some of the documents have been edited for the purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.

Directions: Read the documents in Part A and answer the questions after each document. Then, read the directions for Part B and write your essay.

Type in your answers in the text boxes following each question below. You can then e-mail them to your teacher.

Your first name only:

Your teacher's e-mail address:

Obtain the correct e-mail address from your teacher
(e.g., "teachers_name@somewhere.com")

Historical Context: Cultural diffusion is a result of trade, conquest, or migration of people.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history and geography, write an essay in which you discuss the negative and positive effects of the interaction of cultures in this era of global history.

PART A: SHORT ANSWER

Document #1

"In the Masjid al-Aqsa [mosque] the Franks slaughtered more than 70,000 people, among them a large number of imams [religious leaders] and Muslim scholars, devout and ascetic men who had left their homelands to live lives of pious seclusion in the Holy Place. The Franks stripped the Dome of the Rock [mosque] of more than forty silver candelabra … and a great silver lamp … as well as a hundred and fifty smaller silver candelabra and more than twenty gold ones, and a great deal more [plunder] …"
—Adapted from Arab Historians of the Crusades, translated by Francesco Gabrielli (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957)

1. What effect did the Frankish crusaders have on the Muslims?

Document #2

Spread of the Plague, 1347–1352
Spread of the Plague

2. How did the plague spread from China to Europe?

Document #3

Pre-Crusade Era Post-Crusade Era
Wealth based on land ownership
Trade goods:
   Linen
   Fish
   Flemish wool
   Wheat
Barter System
Wealth based on land and money
Trade goods:
   Spices
   Silk
   Cotton
   Porcelin
Coin exchange
3. How was Europe changed economically by the Crusades?

Document #4

"The greatest joy is to conquer one's enemies, to pursue them, to seize their belongings, to see their families in tears, to ride their horses."
—Genghiz Khan, addressing his troops

4. According to the quote above, what methods did the Mongols use to create their extensive empire?

Document #5

The Spread of Islam, 632–750
The Spread of Islam

5. By what routes might goods and ideas have spread from Baghdad to Cordoba in the 730s?

Document #6

Cause and Effect

6. Identify one immediate effect of East African trade.

PART B: ESSAY

Directions: Using information from the documents provided and your knowledge of United States history, write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Historical Context: Cultural diffusion is a result of trade, conquest, or migration of people.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history and geography, write an essay in which you:

Discuss the negative and positive effects of the interaction of cultures in this era of global history.

Guidelines: When writing your essay, be sure to

  • address all aspects of the Task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least four documents.
  • incorporate information from the documents in the body of the essay.
  • incorporate relevant outside information throughout the essay.
  • richly support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details.
  • write a well-developed essay that consistently demonstrates a logical and clean plan of organization.
  • introduce the theme by establishing a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the Task or Historical Context and conclude the essay with a summation of the theme.

When you're done, your answers to your teacher.