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Online TAKS Practice

America: Pathways to the Present, Grade 11

Unit 3: The United States on the Brink of Change

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review America: Pathways to the Present, Modern American History, chapters 10–12.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.


Your First Name Only:
Your Class Period:


1. Which event began in 1898?
A Great Depression
B Spanish-American War
C World War I
D Russian Revolution


2. Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Map of United States Expansion. This map shows United States possessions, with the date of acquisition. Howland Island and Baker Island, 1857, Jarvis Island, 1857, Johnston Island, 1858, Alaska, 1867, Midway Islands, 1867, Guam, 1898, Hawaiian Islands, 1898, Palmyra Island, 1898, Phillippine Islands, 1898, Puerto Rico, 1898, American Samoa, 1899, Wake Island, 1899, and the Panama Canal Zone, 1903.

Which of the following territories did the United States acquire first?
A Puerto Rico
B Panama Canal Zone
C Alaska
D Hawaiian Islands


3. Theodore Roosevelt moved the United States into the position of a world power by
A pursuing an aggressive foreign policy.
B using economic rather than military force.
C preventing American involvement overseas.
D applying moral standards to foreign policy decisions.


4. Construction of the Panama Canal included a series of locks to overcome the effects of
A diseases carried by mosquitoes.
B uneven elevation in the canal zone.
C workers' lack of experience.
D opposition in Congress.


5. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

  • Make government responsive to its citizens' needs
  • Curb the power of wealthy interests
  • Expand the power of government
  • Make government more efficient and less corrupt

During which era in U.S. history did reformers have these goals?
A World War I
B Reconstruction
C Spanish-American War
D Progressive Era


6. During the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, the government took steps to protect the environment by
A creating a Cabinet-level Department of Labor.
B establishing the United States Forest Service.
C strengthening the Interstate Commerce Commission.
D passing the Pure Food and Drug Act.


7. Use the table and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Work Force and Labor Union Membership
YearTotal WorkersTotal Union MembershipPercentage of Work Force in Unions
190029,073,000868,0003.0
191037,371,0002,140,0005.7
192042,434,0005,048,00011.9

The data in the table indicates that
A the total work force declined between 1900 and 1920.
B by 1920, union workers earned more money than nonunion workers.
C union membership increased steadily between 1900 and 1920.
D by 1920, most workers were members of labor unions.


8. Through ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment, progressive reform enabled citizens to
A choose political candidates to run for office.
B put a law in the ballot by petition.
C remove public officials from office.
D elect U.S. senators directly.


9. Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Progressive Era Muckrakers
MuckrakerBook/ArticleSubject
Frank NorrisThe Octopus (1904)Monopolistic railroad practices in California
Ida TarbellHistory of the Standard Oil Company (1904)Ruthless practices of Standard Oil
Lincoln SteffensThe Shame of the Cities (1906)Urban political corruption
Jacob RiisHow the Other Half Lives (1890)Life in New York's tenements
Upton SinclairThe Jungle (1906)Dangerous conditions in meatpacking industry

The muckrakers were reformers who used freedom of the press to
A oppose the use of alcoholic beverages.
B expose corruption and injustice in American society.
C encourage U.S. entry into World War I.
D support business interests that wanted to develop public lands.


10. Which Progressive Era reform allowed citizens to approve or reject a state law?
A direct primary
B initiative
C referendum
D recall


11. Which of the following Progressive reformers is best known for leading a movement to adopt a public-academic alliance to improve government?
A Florence Kelley
B Mother Jones
C Theodore Roosevelt
D Robert La Follette


12. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Alice Paul
  • Carrie Chapman Catt

Which title reflects the contributions of these women to American society?
A Conservationists
B Labor Leaders
C Muckrakers
D Suffragists


13. Use the quote and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

"In political warfare, it is perfectly fitting that actual strife and battle should be apportioned [given out] to man, and that the influence of woman, radiating from the homes of our land, should inspire to lofty aims and purposes those who struggle for the right. I am thoroughly convinced that woman can in no better way than this usefully serve the cause of political betterment."
—Grover Cleveland, Ladies' Home Journal, 1905

From the quote, it can be inferred that Grover Cleveland believed that women
A were not politically equal to men.
B deserved the right to vote.
C should run for political office.
D had no interest in government.


14. The Nineteenth Amendment expanded the democratic process by
A giving women the right to vote.
B providing for direct election of U.S. senators.
C eliminating poll taxes.
D preventing anyone from knowing how people vote.


15. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Reasons for U.S. Involvement in World War I
  • Unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Propaganda
  • Russian Revolution

Which of the following could be added to the list?
A Stalemate in Europe
B Zimmermann Note
C Alliance system
D Policy of neutrality


16. Which of the following technological innovations played a role in influencing the United States to enter World War I?
A U-boat
B zeppelin
C tank
D hot-air balloon


17. World War I changed demographic patterns in the United States by
A halting immigration.
B encouraging immigration.
C decreasing the need for workers.
D reducing business opportunities for women.


18. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Enforcing Loyalty
  • Literacy tests for immigrants
  • Espionage Act of 1917

Which of the following represents another anti-immigrant policy?
A Sedition Act of 1918
B price controls
C rationing
D daylight saving time


19. About 30 million people around the world died in 1918 because of the spread of
A submarine warfare.
B bombs dropped by aircraft.
C influenza.
D genocide.


20. Senate rejection of U.S. participation in the League of Nations was based on the fear that it would
A make the United States a world power.
B draw the United States into another war.
C fail to punish Germany.
D involve too many nations.