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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 15: Darwin's Theory of Evolution

TAKS Practice Test

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(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.2)
1. Natural selection tends to increase
A fitness.
B strength.
C size.
D reproduction.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.1)
2. Darwin drew support for his theory of evolution from the idea that fossils demonstrate that
F many ancient species are now extinct.
G dinosaurs once existed on Earth.
H species change gradually over millions of years.
J all species share a common ancestor.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.5)
3. In a population of birds, those that survived were the ones that mated in the first week of spring. This illustrates the results of natural selection in
A diversity.
B phylogeny.
C behavior.
D embryology.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.4)
4. Darwin's theory of evolution explains similarities between unrelated species as the result of
F adaptation to similar environments.
G shared evolutionary ancestry.
H random coincidences.
J discovery at the same time.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.2)
5. During his voyage on the Beagle, Darwin noticed that similar environments in different parts of the world contained
A the same plants and animals.
B different plants and animals.
C no identifiable plants or animals.
D similar fossils.

(TAKS 1, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
6. James Hutton's theory of geological change proposed that the layers sometimes seen in exposed rock represent
F the slow formation of rock over millions of years.
G the results of erosion by wind and water.
H the accumulation of fossils over time.
J marks made in digging or cutting away the rock.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.3)
7. Similarities among the embryos of various animals provide evidence of
A adaptation to similar environments.
B adaptation to similar diets.
C similar adult size and intelligence.
D shared ancestry.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.3)
8. Darwin argued that homologous structures are evidence of
F embryonic development.
G similar adaptations.
H similar functions.
J shared ancestry.

(TAKS 1, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
9. Lamarck proposed that species change due to
A competition for food.
B use or disuse of organs.
C differences in survival.
D genetic mutations.

10. Which of the following factors does NOT affect solubility?
F temperature
G color
H pressure
J nature of solute