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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 16: Evolution of Populations

TAKS Practice Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review Prentice Hall Biology, Chapter 16.

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(TAKS 4, IPC TEKS 7A)
1. Consider that a jar of molasses stored at room temperature has been poured into a saucepan and is heated. How does the viscosity of the molasses during heating compare with its viscosity at room temperature?
A The viscosity is lower during heating.
B The viscosity is higher during heating.
C The viscosity is the same at room temperature and during heating.
D More information is needed to determine viscosity.


(TAKS 5, IPC TEKS 4A)
2. A forklift lifts a 1500-newton package to a height of 6.0 meters. How much work is done by the forklift? HINT: Work = force × distance
F 250 J
G 4500 N•m
H 9000 J
J 5000 N•m


(TAKS 5, IPC TEKS 5A)
3. Picture the waves of a swiftly moving stream. Which statement most accurately describes these waves?
A They are surface waves.
B They are both transverse and longitudinal.
C They cause floating matter to move up and down.
D all of the above


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 7B.1)
4. The likely effect of natural selection on a single-gene trait is
F selection by genetic drift.
G genetic equilibrium.
H reproductive isolation.
J a change in allele frequencies.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 6C.1)
5. Most genetic variation is due to
A mutation and natural selection.
B mutation and genetic shuffling.
C artificial selection and natural selection.
D founder effects and sexual recombination.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.1)
6. Among the finch populations of the Galápagos Islands, the founder effect, reproductive isolation, and competition all contributed to
F speciation.
G genetic equilibrium.
H stabilizing selection.
J genetic drift.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 6D)
7. A trait that has many phenotypes is probably controlled by
A many genes and environmental factors.
B one gene that has only two alleles.
C environmental factors and not by genes.
D one gene and one environmental factor.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.1)
8. Speciation cannot take place without
F homologous structures.
G disruptive selection.
H geographic isolation.
J reproductive isolation.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 7B.1)
9. The evolution of the finches on the Galápagos Islands is an example of
A stabilizing selection.
B artificial selection.
C equilibrium.
D speciation.


(TAKS 1, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
10. Which two scientists have demonstrated that natural selection is still at work in the evolution of the finches on the Galápagos Islands?
F Peter Grant and Rosemary Grant
G Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
H James Watson and Francis Crick
J Mary Leakey and Meave Leakey