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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 17: The History of Life

TAKS Practice Test

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(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.4)
1. The endosymbiotic theory states that
A the first organisms were microscopic algae and bacteria.
B viruses arose from fragments of prokaryotic cells.
C prokaryotic cells arose from organelles of eukaryotes.
D eukaryotic cells arose from communities of prokaryotes.


(TAKS 1, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
2. Miller and Urey's experiments showed how chemical reactions could have produced Earth's first
F DNA.
G living cells.
H amino acids.
J viruses.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.1)
3. Different elements are used in radioactive dating because they have different
A half-lives.
B isotopes.
C compositions of DNA.
D sedimentation rates.


(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 3A)
4. Earth's early atmosphere contained all of the following gases EXCEPT
F oxygen.
G carbon dioxide.
H water vapor.
J nitrogen.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.4)
5. Relative dating can be based on
A a geological time scale.
B radioactive isotopes.
C mass extinctions.
D the occurrence of index fossils.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.4)
6. Two important events of the Paleozoic Era were
F development of the dinosaurs and their sudden extinction.
G diversification of mammals and appearance of humans.
H appearance of birds and flowering plants.
J development of many diverse types of organisms and a mass extinction.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.5)
7. An example of convergent evolution is
A differences in numbers of legs between humans and dogs.
B similarity between the wings of birds and insects.
C an animal such as a mouse that is found on every continent.
D replacement of dinsosaurs by smaller animals.


(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 3A)
8. An important early effect of life on the environment was the
F cooling of the Earth.
G increase in atmospheric oxygen.
H fall in sea level.
J reduction of volcanic activity.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7A.4)
9. An example of coevolution is the occurrence of
A differences in size between males and females.
B large, sharp teeth and claws in predators.
C insects that can inactivate plant toxins.
D similar body forms in fish and dolphins.


(TAKS 4, IPC TEKS 7D)
10. Lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium are all alkali metals found in Group 1A on the Periodic Table of the Elements. Which of the following statements is true about these elements?
F They are all stable elements.
G They are all highly reactive elements.
H They all have eight valence electrons.
J They do not share any properties.