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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 23: Roots, Stems, and Leaves

TAKS Practice Test

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(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.2)
1. Secondary growth of stems occurs only in
A dicots and conifers.
B monocots and conifers.
C nonvascular plants.
D flowering plants.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.4)
2. The functions of roots do NOT include
F releasing oxygen.
G absorbing nutrients.
H absorbing water.
J anchoring a plant.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 11A.1)
3. The major force responsible for transpiration is
A photosynthesis.
B evaporation.
C root pressure.
D capillary action.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A)
4. The only plant tissue that produces new cells by mitosis is
F ground tissue.
G meristematic tissue.
H vascular tissue.
J dermal tissue.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 11A.1, Bio TEKS 5A.3)
5. In leaves, the opening of stomata causes
A an increase in photosynthesis and a reduction in transpiration.
B a reduction in both photosynthesis and transpiration.
C an increase in both photosynthesis and transpiration.
D a reduction in photosynthesis and an increase in transpiration.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.4)
6. Water moves through the phloem in a plant in response to
F evaporation of water from leaves.
G production of sugar by photosynthesis in leaves.
H movement of water though xylem tissue.
J movement of nutrients into or out of phloem.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.2)
7. Primary growth of stems by addition of new cells produced in the apical meristem occurs
A only in monocots.
B only in dicots.
C in all seed plants.
D only in gymnosperms.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.1)
8. The center of a mature root contains
F xylem and dermal tissue.
G phloem and dermal tissue.
H dermal tissue and ground tissue.
J xylem and phloem.


(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.2)
9. The three principal organs of seed plants are
A roots, leaves, and flowers.
B stems, leaves, and roots.
C stems, fruits, and flowers.
D stems, roots, and flowers.


(TAKS 4, IPC TEKS 7D)
10. Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine are all members of Group 7A of the Periodic Table of the Elements. Which of the following is a true statement about the elements in this group?
F All are highly reactive nonmetals.
G All are highly reactive metals.
H All have six valence electrons.
J All are called noble gases.