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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 23: Roots, Stems, and Leaves

TAKS Practice Test

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(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.2)
1. Secondary growth of stems occurs only in
A dicots and conifers.
B monocots and conifers.
C nonvascular plants.
D flowering plants.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.4)
2. The functions of roots do NOT include
F releasing oxygen.
G absorbing nutrients.
H absorbing water.
J anchoring a plant.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 11A.1)
3. The major force responsible for transpiration is
A photosynthesis.
B evaporation.
C root pressure.
D capillary action.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A)
4. The only plant tissue that produces new cells by mitosis is
F ground tissue.
G meristematic tissue.
H vascular tissue.
J dermal tissue.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 11A.1, Bio TEKS 5A.3)
5. In leaves, the opening of stomata causes
A an increase in photosynthesis and a reduction in transpiration.
B a reduction in both photosynthesis and transpiration.
C an increase in both photosynthesis and transpiration.
D a reduction in photosynthesis and an increase in transpiration.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.4)
6. Water moves through the phloem in a plant in response to
F evaporation of water from leaves.
G production of sugar by photosynthesis in leaves.
H movement of water though xylem tissue.
J movement of nutrients into or out of phloem.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.2)
7. Primary growth of stems by addition of new cells produced in the apical meristem occurs
A only in monocots.
B only in dicots.
C in all seed plants.
D only in gymnosperms.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.1)
8. The center of a mature root contains
F xylem and dermal tissue.
G phloem and dermal tissue.
H dermal tissue and ground tissue.
J xylem and phloem.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10C.2)
9. The three principal organs of seed plants are
A roots, leaves, and flowers.
B stems, leaves, and roots.
C stems, fruits, and flowers.
D stems, roots, and flowers.

10. Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine are all members of Group 7A of the Periodic Table of the Elements. Which of the following is a true statement about the elements in this group?
F All are highly reactive nonmetals.
G All are highly reactive metals.
H All have six valence electrons.
J All are called noble gases.