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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 3: The Biosphere

TAKS Practice Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review Prentice Hall Biology, Chapter 3.

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(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12D.1)
1. If nitrogen is in such short supply in an ecosystem that an animal's growth is affected,
A the animal becomes an autotroph.
B the animal becomes a heterotroph.
C nitrogen is not required for growth.
D nitrogen is a limiting nutrient.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12E.6)
2. In many ecosystems, the portion of the energy that is transferred from one trophic level to the next is about
F 90 to 100 percent.
G 50 percent.
H 33 percent.
J 10 percent.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12A.1)
3. Energy flows through an ecosystem
A in a cycle between organisms and chemicals.
B in one direction from autotrophs to heterotrophs.
C in one direction from heterotrophs to autotrophs.
D only when it is interrupted by humans.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 9D.1)
4. An ecological model that represents the amount of living organic matter at each trophic level is called a(an)
F energy pyramid.
G biomass pyramid.
H pyramid of numbers.
J ecological pyramid.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12A.2)
5. Nitrogen moves through the biosphere
A by cycling within and between ecosystems.
B by one-way movement through ecosystems.
C in air and water, but not in organisms.
D in organisms, but not in air or water.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 4B.7)
6. How are plants in a sunny grassland and sulfur bacteria in a deep-ocean volcanic vent alike?
F They both use carbohydrates to make their own food.
G They both use chemosynthesis to make their own food.
H They both produce carbon and hydrogen.
J They both produce energy-rich carbohydrates.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 9D.2)
7. Nutrients pass through cycles
A only within ecosystems.
B only between ecosystems.
C both within and between ecosystems.
D only within organisms.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12E.1)
8. An example of a producer is a(an)
F grass plant in a lawn.
G chicken raised on a farm.
H farmer who raises corn.
J earthworm in a cornfield.


(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12E.2)
9. A network of complex interactions formed by the feeding relationships among the various organisms in an ecosystem is known as a(an)
A food web.
B ecosystem.
C food chain.
D population.


(TAKS 5, IPC TEKS 6B.1)
10. A pot of water on a stove is boiling. You notice that the water is moving in currents. This movement of the water demonstrates
F conduction.
G convection.
H radiation.
J refraction.