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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 39: Endocrine and Reproductive Systems

TAKS Practice Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review Prentice Hall Biology, Chapter 39.

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(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.3, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
1. The nervous system and the endocrine system interact in the
A pituitary gland and adrenal cortex.
B adrenal cortex and thyroid gland.
C thyroid gland and hypothalamus.
D hypothalamus and pituitary gland.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
2. Testosterone affects cells that are found
F only in the testes.
G all over the body.
H only in the penis.
J only in the scrotum.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
3. The hormone that stimulates the liver, skeletal muscles, and fat cells to break down glycogen is
A insulin.
B oxytocin.
C glucagon.
D thyroxine.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.1, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
4. Which system carries hormones throughout the body?
F circulatory system
G nervous system
H endocrine system
J digestive system

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
5. The thyroid gland is most important in regulating the
A glucose level in the blood.
B rate of metabolism.
C activities of other glands.
D production of sex hormones.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
6. The levels of hormones in the body are regulated by
F homeostasis.
G feedback mechanisms.
H the nervous system.
J the excretory system.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.4)
7. Preparation for and reaction to stress are regulated by the
A adrenal glands.
B thyroid gland.
C pituitary gland.
D pancreas.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.5)
8. During which phase of the menstrual cycle is the uterine lining thickest and most receptive to implantation of an embryo?
F follicular phase
G ovulation
H menstruation
J luteal phase

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 10A.5)
9. In what order do the following stages occur?
A embryo, zygote, fetus
B embryo, fetus, zygote
C zygote, embryo, fetus
D zygote, fetus, embryo

10. Which statement supports the observation that opening a bottle of a carbonated beverage when it is cold reduces the release of bubbles of gas?
F The solubility of a gas increases at lower temperatures.
G The solubility of a gas decreases at lower temperatures.
H The solubility of a solid increases at higher temperatures.
J The solubility of a solid decreases at lower temperatures.