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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 6: Humans in the Biosphere

TAKS Practice Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review Prentice Hall Biology, Chapter 6.

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(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 1B.1)
1. Which is an example of a renewable resource?
A coal
B natural gas
C land
D fresh water

(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 1B.1)
2. All of the following are examples of the tragedy of the commons EXCEPT
F damage to privately owned farmland caused by too many grazing cattle.
G air pollution caused by a coal-burning electric power plant.
H disappearance of a fish species caused by overfishing.
J water pollution by chemical wastes from a factory.

(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 1B.2)
3. The release of carbon dioxide during the burning of fossil fuels contributes to
A the destruction of ozone.
B ultraviolet radiation.
C global warming.
D soil erosion.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 7B.6)
4. Any species that is threatened with extinction
F lives in only one habitat.
G is an endangered species.
H cannot be saved.
J will be killed by severe weather.

(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 1B.1)
5. Which is an example of a nonrenewable resource?
A air
B oil
C wood
D whales

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12E; TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
6. In 1962, the biologist Rachel Carson wrote a book called Silent Spring, which dealt with
F global warming.
G biological magnification.
H the greenhouse effect.
J the behavior of chimpanzees.

(TAKS 3, Bio TEKS 12E.1)
7. In the process of biological magnification, what can be said about the concentration of a pollutant such as DDT?
A The DDT is multiplied as it passes up the food chain from producers to consumers.
B The DDT is decreased as it passes up the food chain from producers to consumers.
C The concentration of DDT is unaffected as it passes up the food chain.
D The DDT is decreased as it passes up the food chain from consumers to producers.

(TAKS 1, IPC and Bio TEKS 2C.2)
8. In 1987, 46 nations signed an agreement called the Montreal Protocol, which lead to the reduction in the production and use of CFCs. What was the purpose in reducing CFCs?
F to stop the dropping levels of oxygen in the atmosphere
G to reduce the growing ozone holes in the stratosphere
H to prevent tsunamis on the west coast of the U.S.
J to prevent poisoning the penguins in Antarctica

9. If a machine is 100 percent efficient, then it has no
A mechanical advantage.
B input force.
C output force.
D friction.

10. Suppose the work input of a motor is 32,000 J and the work output is 25,000 J. What is the efficiency of that motor? HINT: % efficiency = (work output ÷ work input) × 100
F 90 percent
G 98 percent
H 78 percent
J 65 percent