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Prentice Hall Biology

Chapter 7: Cell Structure and Function

TAKS Practice Test

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(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4B.8)
1. If a more concentrated salt solution is on one side of a membrane and a less concentrated salt solution is on the other side, water molecules tend to pass through the membrane
A from the less concentrated to the more concentrated solution.
B from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution.
C equally in both directions.
D until the cell membrane is broken down.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4A.2)
2. Which organisms are composed of cells that do not contain nuclei?
F eukaryotes
G prokaryotes
H animals
J plants

(TAKS 1, Bio TEKS 3F.4)
3. The idea that all cells arise from the division of preexisting cells was first stated by
A Anton van Leeuwenhoek.
B Rudolf Virchow.
C Robert Hooke.
D Robert Brown.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4A.2)
4. Which of the following statements about the cell membrane is CORRECT?
F It prevents the exit of all materials from the cell.
G It has a rigid structure composed of cellulose.
H It is a two-layered structure composed of lipids and proteins.
J It is a fluid-filled organelle that surrounds the nucleolus.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A.13)
5. All of the following are types of tissues EXCEPT
A muscle.
B fat.
C stomach.
D blood.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4A.2)
6. Of the following, the term that includes all the others is
F nucleolus.
G nuclear envelope.
H nucleus.
J chromosome.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 5A)
7. Which two organelles occur in plant cells but not animal cells?
A nuclear envelopes and nuclei
B cell membranes and chromosomes
C cell walls and chloroplasts
D ribosomes and chloroplasts

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4A.2)
8. All cells contain a
F cell wall.
G cell membrane.
H nucleus.
J mitochondrion.

(TAKS 2, Bio TEKS 4A.2)
9. The cell structure that attaches carbohydrates to protein molecules is the
A mitochondrion.
B Golgi apparatus.
C lysosome.
D ribosome.

10. In the rock cycle, when igneous rocks are gradually eroded to form sedimentary rock, this process is an example of
F evaporation.
G sublimation.
H a chemical change.
J a physical change.