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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 1: Early Civilizations

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 1–3.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.

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Your Class Period:

1. Which of the following marked the beginning of history?
A the making of tools
B the discovery of artifacts
C the invention of writing
D the use of weapons

2. Which of the following developments happened last?
A People made stone tools.
B People lived together in villages.
C People developed a spoken language.
D People learned to grow food.

3. Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

center circle: New Stone Age or Neolithic Period; 3 small circles with arrows pointing toward center circle: Villages, Farmers, Personal possessions; 1 blank small circle

Which characteristic belongs in the empty circle?
A Hunters and Gatherers
B Very Small Population
C Cave Paintings
D Domestic Animals

4. The agricultural revolution made it possible for people to
A develop civilizations.
B discover fire.
C believe in an afterlife.
D develop spoken languages.

5. Which of the following physical features influenced the migration patterns of early peoples and led to the development of civilizations?
A coastline
B river valley
C plateau
D lake

6. The fact that the calendar we use today is similar to the one developed by ancient Egyptians is a result of
A social equality.
B environmental changes.
C cultural diffusion.
D organized religion.

7. Which sentence best describes reasons why Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River?
A The river provided fertile soil for crops and served as a transportation route.
B The river provided protection from invaders and served as recreation for families.
C The river isolated Egyptians from other peoples and prevented cultural diffusion.
D The river was important to Egyptian religion and served as a burial place for pharaohs.

8. The process of mummification enabled Egyptians to
A create a system of picture writing.
B develop a calendar similar to the one we use today.
C prepare their dead for the afterlife.
D preserve statues and paintings.

9. Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

A map of the Fertile Crescent

Based on the map, the Fertile Crescent was land located
A east of the Zagros Mountains.
B along the Nile River.
C along the west coast of the Persian Gulf.
D between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

10. In what way does geography help explain the rise of both the Egyptian civilization and the Sumerian civilization?
A Both civilizations developed along a seacoast.
B Both civilizations developed in river valleys.
C Both civilizations developed near mountains.
D Both civilizations developed on islands.

11. Groups invaded and conquered civilizations in the Fertile Crescent because the
A Fertile Crescent lacked natural barriers.
B civilizations lacked effective leaders.
C Fertile Crescent could not support a civilization.
D civilizations made no important contributions to the world.

12. Judaism differed from other ancient religions because it
A began in the Fertile Crescent.
B was based on a belief in life after death.
C was monotheistic.
D taught that rulers were gods.

13. Judaism spread to the kingdom of Israel through
A trade between Egyptian pharaohs and Hebrew prophets.
B migration of the Hebrews to their promised land.
C conflict between Moses and Abraham.
D an agreement between Egypt and Israel.

14. From the time of early civilizations, people in India have depended on monsoons to
A provide energy to run machines.
B warm their homes in winter.
C bring rain to water crops.
D destroy pests that ruin crops.

15. Compared with other civilizations at that time, the Indus Valley civilization
A was smaller.
B was larger.
C had poorly planned cities.
D made no important contributions to the world.

16. As a result of mixing with the people they conquered, the Aryans
A changed from farmers to warriors.
B became servants.
C did not build cities and left few artifacts.
D learned new ways and built a new civilization.

17. Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

 A diagram of the early class system in Aryan Society. The diagram is in the shape of a pyramid. The Brahmins (priests) are at the top. The Kshatriyas (warriors) are in the next segment. The Vaisyas (herders, farmers, merchants, craftspeople) are next. The Sudras (farmworkers, servents, laborers) are on the bottom

Based on the diagram, Aryans were divided into classes according to their
A occupations.
B age and place of birth.
C religious beliefs.
D gender and race.

18. Due to the physical geography of China, early Chinese civilizations
A did not develop in river valleys.
B were spread over large amounts of land.
C were isolated from the rest of the world.
D made few advances in learning.

19. The rise and fall of dynasties in China was based on
A migrations of people from other lands.
B the Mandate of Heaven.
C trade with other civilizations.
D the caste system.

20. Which of the following Chinese achievements was likely the most important to the development of trade?
A silk-making
B accurate calendar
C bronze artwork
D writing system