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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 2: Empires of the Ancient World

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 4–7.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.


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1. The new skill of writing spread from the Egyptians and Mesopotamians to the
A Mayas.
B Chinese.
C Minoans and Mycenaeans.
D Vikings.


2. Which of the following sets of mathematical innovations were developed under the Gupta dynasty?
A algebra and geometry
B multiplication and division
C fractions and percentages
D "Arabic" numerals and decimal system


3. Choose the correct pair of geographic factors that influenced the creation of Greek city-states.
A mountains and deserts
B isolated valleys and islands
C oceans and rivers
D hills and plains


4. One result of the Hindu caste system was
A stability and order in India.
B invasion by Greeks.
C an end to the belief in karma.
D social equality in India.


5. Citizens of Athens had the right to openly discuss issues and vote in the assembly. This is an example of
A democracy.
B militarism.
C monarchy.
D republicanism.


6. Confucianism and Legalism were similar in that both stressed the importance of
A strong government.
B harmony with nature.
C a belief in salvation.
D reincarnation.


7. The "glory that was Greece" refers to
A seafaring abilities and success in trade.
B military success and territorial expansion.
C the worship of many gods.
D advances in philosophy, architecture, and literature.


8. Which of the following contributed to an increase in trade during the Han dynasty?
A the Great Wall
B the Silk Road
C civil service exams
D feudalism


9. Read Jesus' message from the "Sermon on the Mount," below. Then answer the question that follows.

"Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God."
–Gospel According to Matthew

To which of the following groups is it most likely that Jesus was reaching out?
A the Zealots
B the apostles
C the Roman officials
D the poor and the troubled


10. The empire of Alexander the Great extended to and influenced the cultures of the people living in
A Spain, Japan, Arabia, and France.
B India, Egypt, Persia, and Greece.
C Nubia, Portugal, India, and England.
D Axum, Arabia, India, and France.


11. The growth of the Roman Empire resulted in
A increased trade.
B the growth of family farms.
C full employment.
D decreased taxes.


12. Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Map of the Mediterranean trade routes

The map supports the theory that the Roman Empire united the Mediterranean region under its control because
A the region had an extensive system of rivers.
B Greece had no trade.
C Rome was centrally located.
D grain was produced only in Rome.


13. One economic cause of the fall of the Roman Empire was
A the growth of the merchant class.
B overuse of slave labor.
C fighting between farmers and the merchant class.
D the abandonment of land by wealthy landowners.


14. The Greco-Roman period refers to a time when there was a blending of
A Indian and Roman languages.
B Nubian and Egyptian laws.
C Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
D Spanish, Greek, and French architecture.


15. In which category would you place pre-Columbian civilizations in the Americas?
A agricultural
B Neolithic
C industrial
D democratic


16. One difference between the Mayas and Aztecs was that
A only one civilization had priests.
B they had different forms of government.
C one civilization built temples and the other one built pyramids.
D only one civilization practiced democracy.


17. Hindus and Buddhists hold different beliefs concerning
A reincarnation.
B nonviolence.
C the caste system.
D union with a spiritual force.


18. Use the chart below and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

A chart detailing culture groups in North America. The chart has four rows, with four columns each. The first row says: Culture Group, Hohokum, Time Period, A.D. 900–1500, Cultural Characteristics, farmers, location, Arizona. The second row says: Culture Group, Anasazi, Time Period, A.D. 900–1300, Cultural Characteristics, cliff-dwellers, location, Four Corners. The third row says: Culture Group, Hopewell, Time Period, 100 B.C.-–A.D. 500,Cultural Characteristics, Mound Builders, location, Ohio Valley. The fourth row says: Culture Group, Mississippians, Time Period, A.D. 700–1200, Cultural Characteristics, Mound Builders, location, Illinois.

Based on the chart, which conclusion seems logical regarding the Hohokam and Anasazi?
A They all lived in river valleys.
B They spoke the same language.
C They probably had contact with each other.
D They all built pyramids.


19. Which of the following statements about Incan civilization is true?
A It was located in the Amazon region of South America.
B It depended upon a system of roads to connect the empire.
C It was located on the eastern coast of South America.
D It was connected to Brazil by rivers.


20. Like the Greeks, the framers of the United States Constitution believed that government should be based on
A limited democracy.
B federalism.
C checks and balances.
D a republican form of government.