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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 3: Regional Civilizations

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 8–13.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.


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1. The framers of the United States Constitution were influenced by the Magna Carta of 1215. The main principle of the Magna Carta was that
A the king had to respect the law and the rights of the people.
B government was based upon common law.
C the nobles could impose taxes on the people.
D the government could organize an army.


2. During the Middle Ages in Europe, most people believed in
A Judaism and Buddhism.
B Buddhism and Christianity.
C Islam and Judaism.
D Christianity and Islam.


3. Analyze the chart and use your social studies skills to answer the following question.

spread of Islam chart

Based on the chart, which of the following statements is most accurate?
A Islam was introduced to the Middle East and North Africa primarily during the 600s and 700s.
B The earlier Islam was introduced to a country, the fewer the number of Muslims are living there today.
C The later Islam was introduced to a country, the greater the number of Muslims are living there today.
D The majority of the people living in Spain and India today are Muslims.


4. During the Middle Ages, various Holy Roman emperors and popes struggled with each other over control of
A most of central and eastern Europe.
B the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
C overland trade with Asia.
D England, France, and Russia.


5. Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

This is a chart with eight rectangles arranged in a circle around a blank square. The rectangles are labeled: VASSALS, FIEFS, CASTLES, SERFS, KNIGHTS, MANOR, LORDS, KING.

Which word belongs in the center box?
A monarchy
B empires
C feudalism
D Hellenism


6. During the High Middle Ages, western Europeans gained new mathematical, scientific, and technological knowledge from Jewish and Muslim scholars in southern Europe. One result was that
A girls and women began to attend universities.
B Byzantine art flourished.
C the Church prohibited the establishment of schools.
D Romanesque and Gothic architecture was created.


7. Japan developed an economic, political, and social system similar to
A the Mongol empire.
B European feudalism.
C the East African city states.
D the Chinese dynasties.


8. Which geographic feature aided migration from Asia to Russia?
A the Ural Mountains
B the Black Sea
C the Eurasian steppe
D the Alps


9. During the Golden Age, Muslim civilization
A adopted the ways of western Europe.
B was concentrated on the Arabian peninsula.
C excelled in business, literature, and the arts and sciences.
D spread in regions where gold was mined.


10. One result of the Crusades was that
A most of the Jews and Muslims in Europe were killed.
B cross-cultural learning increased between Christians and Muslims.
C the Roman Catholic and Byzantine churches were reunited.
D the pope took control of Jerusalem from the Turks.


11. Choose the correct category for the following group of words: Seljuk, Abbasid, Mughal, Ottoman, Safavid.
A Arabic sultans
B Indian philosophers
C Asian countries
D Muslim empires


12. Justinian was one of the most influential Byzantine emperors, because he
A conquered the Ottoman Turks.
B created a new legal code based upon Roman law.
C made Latin the official language of his empire.
D rejected the teachings of the ancient Greeks.


13. Following are two statements about a 17th century Muslim emperor in India. Read the statements and use your social studies skills to answer the following question.

1) M. Kazim: "Aurangzeb keeps the fasts…says the prayers…[and] refrains from forbidden meats…;"
2) F. Bernier: "[Aurangzeb has]…an authority almost absolute over the peasantry…the artisans and merchants.… There is no one before whom the injured…can pour out his just complaints;…[no one] to restrain the…merciless oppressors."

Choose the generalization that best fits the two statements.
A Kazim is concerned with social issues and Bernier is concerned with religious issues.
B Kazim writes that the emperor is kind and just and Bernier writes that he is a good Muslim.
C Kazim is concerned with economic issues and Bernier is concerned with political issues.
D Kazim writes that the emperor is a good Muslim and Bernier writes that he is an unjust ruler.


14. Which of the following statements is true?
A African societies excelled in the arts and in oral and written literature.
B In Africa, art and literature were only for royalty.
C All African history was unwritten and artists could not work in metal.
D African religions were opposed to art.


15. Eastern Europe became a region of diverse cultures, religions, and ethnic groups. Some of those groups were
A English, Egyptians, Slavs, and Christians.
B Jews, Slavs, Christians, and Muslims.
C Vikings, Buddhists, Indians, and Russians.
D Germans, Chinese, Hindus, and French.


16. Choose the statement below which accurately describes one of the differences between the Mongol empire and the Ming dynasty.
A The Mongol empire was always at war and the Ming dynasty was always at peace.
B The Ming dynasty opened China to international trade, but the Mongol empire closed China off from the rest of the world.
C Chinese civilization was dominant in the Mongol empire, whereas the Ming dynasty was diverse and multicultural.
D The Mongols established the largest and most diverse empire in the world, whereas the Ming dynasty was smaller and mainly concerned with Chinese culture.


17. The areas in Africa that have the largest and most concentrated populations are the
A coastal areas surrounding the continent.
B deserts, mountains, and savannas.
C savannas, river valleys, and coastal areas.
D northern and southern portions of the continent.


18. Which of the following traditions of Korea were developed solely by the Koreans?
A its philosophy
B its architecture
C its civil service system
D its language and writing


19. Use the map and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

Map of The Tang and Song Dynasties, 618-1279

Based on the map, what did the Chinese do in order to trade with Japan?
A leave from Xian
B find a route to the west
C cross the East China Sea
D climb high mountains


20. Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Chart of the African empires, kingdoms, and city states

Based on the chart, African empires, kingdoms, and city states
A were isolated from each other.
B all traded the same commodities.
C connected Africa with Europe and Asia.
D were all dependent upon camels for transportation.