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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 4: Early Modern Times

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 14–17.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.


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1. Which of the following points of view did Parliament include in the Magna Carta?
A There should be universal male suffrage.
B Citizens have rights that the king must respect.
C There should be separation of church and state.
D Nobles should be judges on a Supreme Court.


2. The most important scientific development to impact Europe during the Renaissance was the
A introduction of the scientific method.
B adoption of Chinese acupuncture in medicine.
C adoption of Egyptian mummification for burials.
D use of "Arabic" numerals by mathematicians.


3. The Italians may have viewed the Renaissance as the rebirth of
A Minoan civilization.
B Olmec civilization.
C Persian civilization.
D Roman civilization.


4. Analyze the map and use your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

Map of the routes of European Explorers, 1488-1500

What major geographic obstacle did European explorers face in searching for a trade route with Asia?
A finding a land route across Europe to Asia
B crossing the Atlantic Ocean
C finding a sea route around the southern tip of Africa
D sailing from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea


5. How did the invention of moveable type and the printing press affect European societies?
A Kings distributed newspapers to their subjects.
B More people learned to read and write.
C Artists stopped painting and became printers.
D Latin became the universal language of Europe.


6. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam had all been established in Southeast Asia before the Europeans began trading there. This was a result of
A isolation from the rest of Asia.
B contact with India.
C invasion by Japan.
D trade with China.


7. The main argument against indulgences was that people should not
A have to pay the Church in order to go to heaven.
B follow the teachings of John Calvin.
C indulge themselves in sin.
D follow the teachings of Martin Luther.


8. Which of the following did Europe import from the Americas as a result of the Columbian exchange?
A gold, silver, quinine, sweet potato, and chili pepper
B printing press, gun powder, the wheel, and salt
C buffalo, palm trees, wheat, iron, and steel
D sausage, penicillin, diamonds, and salt


9. What is the significance of the year 1607?
A The Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock.
B The French and Indian War ends.
C Jamestown, Virginia, becomes the first permanent British settlement.
D Quebec, Canada, becomes the first permanent French settlement.


10. The control of the spice trade from the Indian Ocean to Southeast Asia changed over time. Which of the following lists of peoples shows the correct sequence of this change in control?
A East Africans, Indians, Persians, Chinese
B Egyptians, Spanish, French, Germans
C Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, British
D East Africans, Spanish, Persians, Chinese


11. Which of the following events occurred during the reign of Louis XIV?
A France adopted Protestantism as the state religion.
B French culture spread throughout Europe.
C The king increased the military power of the nobles.
D France and Spain united against England.


12. Read the summary and use your knowledge of social studies to answer the question that follows.

"Life in the hold below was brutal. Men, women and children were chained together in suffocating heat and stench, unable to move. One could hear the screams, crying, and moaning of the living and the dying."

In the summary, Olaudah Equiano was referring to
A being captured in Africa and taken to the slave ship.
B the middle passage.
C the warehouse where slaves were kept before auction.
D life on a sugar plantation.


13. By the middle of the 17th century, China, Korea, and Japan had severely restricted trade with Europe. Restricted trade is a part of which category below?
A feudalism
B abolitionism
C expansionism
D isolationism


14. The golden age of Spain (1550–1650) occurred because Phillip II
A persecuted Protestants, Muslims, and Jews.
B found gold mines in Arabia.
C became both the king and the pope.
D supported education and the arts and sciences.


15. During the colonial period, the level of economic development and standard of living depended upon slavery, mining for gold and silver, and sugar plantations in
A New Spain.
B New France.
C New England.
D New Sweden.


16. The Columbian exchange affected Europe by
A raising the standard of living of peasants.
B causing the middle class to disappear.
C increasing inflation.
D increasing the immigration of Native Americans to Europe.


17. Use the timeline and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

Timeline on absolute monarchs from 1550 to 1800. 1556: Phillip II becomes king of Spain. 1589: Henry IV becomes king of France. 1643: Louis XIV becomes king of France. 1649: Oliver Cromwell becomes head of the English Commonwealth. 1682: Peter the Great becomes ruler of Russia. 1715: Louis XIV's rule ends in France. 1740: Frederick II becomes king of Prussia. 1762: Catherine the Great becomes ruler of Russia.

According to the timeline, Louis XIV was king of France during the same time that
A Peter the Great ruled Russia.
B Phillip II became king of Spain.
C Catherine the Great ruled Russia.
D Frederick II became king of Prussia.


18. Compare and contrast British and French colonization in North America by choosing the correct statement.
A There were many British settlers and few French settlers.
B The British relied on the fur trade and the French relied on agriculture.
C The British established one state religion and the French allowed freedom of religion.
D The British king made all the laws governing his colonies, while the French king allowed self-government in his colonies.


19. The Atlantic slave trade and colonialism resulted in new patterns of European settlement in
A Asia, Africa, and Europe.
B North America, Asia, and Australia.
C South America, Europe, and Asia.
D North America, South America, and Africa.


20. Which of the following was a result of the Thirty Years' War?
A The kingdom of Poland disappeared.
B The Netherlands became Muslim.
C The Protestant nation of Prussia emerged.
D Spain and Portugal became one country.