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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 7: World Wars and Revolutions

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 27–31.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.


Your First Name Only:
Your Class Period:


1. The causes of World War I excluded
A nationalism.
B pacifism.
C militarism.
D economic competition.


2. In 1884 and 1914 respectively, Europe carved out colonies for itself in Africa and the former Ottoman Empire. This situation caused
A anti-colonial and independence movements to develop.
B a rise in Japanese imperialism across the Asian Pacific region.
C the United States to attack Japan and Germany.
D the sinking of the Titanic.


3. Use the graph and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

Graph of Mexico: Land Distribution

According to the graph, the Mexican Revolution's redistribution of land between 1916 and 1940 gave
A about 30 million hectares to almost two million families.
B foreign owned land to Mexicans.
C five million hectares to almost 200,000 families.
D lands in northern Mexico to landless people from southern Mexico.


4. During World War I, the area from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea was called the
A northern front.
B southern front.
C western front.
D eastern front.


5. Thousands of people in Europe died in 1918 because of the spread of
A influenza.
B drought conditions.
C locusts.
D boll weevils.


6. The Bolsheviks, under Lenin, supported
A the March Revolution.
B Russian participation in World War I.
C the New Economic Policy.
D a command economy.


7. Use the propaganda poster and your knowledge of history to answer the following question.

Cartoon that shows an American soldier stopping a German soldier (a "Hun") who is oppressing a woman and child. The poster reads:"Halt the Hun!" and at the bottom: "Buy U.S. Government Bonds".

The poster implies that if Americans do not stop the Germans, the Germans will
A use poison gas on Allied troops.
B attack Americans at home.
C kill innocent people.
D sabotage American industries.


8. The League of Nations might have been more successful if
A it did not have to compete with the United Nations.
B the stock market had not crashed.
C President Wilson had supported it.
D the United States had joined it.


9. Of which group would members of the May Fourth Movement be a part?
A Communist
B Nationalist
C Monarchist
D Anti-colonialist


10. Stalin increased the standard of living for women by
A allowing them to own private businesses and farms to make a profit.
B stopping the secret police from persecuting them.
C providing them with jobs and free health care and education.
D paying them to stay home to take care of their children.


11. One cause of the rise of militarists in Japan after World War I was
A democracy.
B isolationism.
C poverty.
D traditional values.


12. The discoveries of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein had a major impact on our knowledge of
A astronomy and space travel.
B radioactivity and atomic energy.
C germ warfare and antibiotics.
D sanitary conditions in hospitals and prisons.


13. Geographic location made it easy for Germany and Italy to try out their new weapons during the civil war in
A Japan.
B Russia.
C Ethiopia.
D Spain.


14. Which of the following did fascist Italy have in common with militarist Japan?
A nationalism
B redistribution of land to the peasants
C giving women the right to vote
D support of the arts and sciences


15. Which of the following events in India happened last?
A The Indian National Congress is formed.
B Gandhi leads the salt march to the sea.
C British soldiers attack protesters in Amritsar.
D Gandhi begins a nonviolent resistance movement.


16. Hitler's rise to power encouraged Germans to
A take responsibility for their own economic troubles.
B rebel against fascism and militarism.
C blame their problems on Jews and other minorities.
D declare war against Italy.


17. President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan in order to
A frighten Hitler into surrendering.
B save American lives.
C release radioactivity.
D win the battles of the Coral Sea and Midway.


18. The term Holocaust refers to the
A removal of Japanese Americans to relocation camps.
B torturing of prisoners by the Japanese.
C murder of more than six million Jews.
D bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


19. Which of the following series is in correct chronological order?
A the blitzkrieg, Germany attacks Soviet Union, Japan bombs Pearl Harbor
B United States enters World War II, Germans invade Poland, London blitz
C Italy declares war on United States, Spanish Civil War begins, France joins the Allies
D China joins the Allies, the Great Depression begins, Japan controls the Pacific


20. Use the map and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

Map of Eastern Europe after World War II

The map supports the statement that the Soviet Union was able to control most of Eastern Europe because
A Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia formed a new country.
B the region bordered the Soviet Union.
C Greece and Italy were separated from the Soviet Union by the Mediterranean Sea.
D the Allied countries gained control of Yugoslavia.