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World History: Connections to Today, Grade 10

Unit 8: The World Today

Benchmark Test

Click on the button next to the response that best answers the question. For best results, review World History: Connections to Today, Survey, chapters 32–37.

You may take the test as many times as you like. When you are happy with your results, you may e-mail your results to your teacher. Please obtain your teacher's permission before e-mailing.

Your First Name Only:
Your Class Period:

1. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
A Developed nations are agricultural, have high birth rates, and are part of the global North.
B Underdeveloped nations are agricultural and economically dependent upon developed nations.
C Developed nations are industrial because their unfavorable climates prohibit agricultural production.
D Underdeveloped nations are industrial, but poor, because they export their manufactured goods to the developed nations.

2. Which of the following was built last?
A Panama Canal
B Suez Canal
C Erie Canal
D Potomac Canal

3. With which of the following political ideologies did President Juan Perón of Argentina identify the most?
A nationalist
B communist
C internationalist
D socialist

4. Which of the following series of events are in the order in which they occurred in Japan?
A A democratic constitution was established, the emperor took the throne, and the oil crisis occurred.
B The Allied occupation ended, the emperor took the throne, and the military was abolished.
C Eighty percent of the population moved to the cities, the oil crisis occurred, and the military was abolished.
D A democratic constitution was established, the United States helped rebuild Japan, and the Allied occupation ended.

5. Since 1945, Western Europe has experienced
A economic growth and economic decline.
B wars with Eastern European countries.
C a major decline in population.
D a shift from democracy to communism.

6. The Soviet Union under Stalin and China under Mao Zedong had which of the following in common?
A a widening gap between rich and poor
B a planned economy
C some free market sales
D free cultural expression

7. During the Cold War, the United States tried to contain the spread of communism. This effort led to its direct involvement in these two "hot" wars:
A Gulf War and Spanish Civil War.
B Algerian War and Mexican War.
C Vietnam War and Korean War.
D Spanish American War and Nigerian Civil War.

8. Which human geographic patterns affected Yugoslavia after the Cold War?
A migrations to the Middle East and North Africa
B different ethnic, religious, and cultural regions
C increased immigration from Western Europe
D movement from urban areas to agricultural areas

9. Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

This diagram contains six rectangular labels surrounding a blank square. In clockwise order, the labels read: perestroika, end of Cold War, democracy in Eastern Europe, glasnost, end of communism, freedom of the press.

Which name belongs in the empty box?
A Mikhail Gorbachev
B Vladimir Lenin
C Joseph Stalin
D Nikita Khrushchev

10. After World War II, the United States supported Latin American governments based on their commitment to
A democracy.
B the Organization of American States.
D anti-communism.

11. The struggle of African Americans to achieve equal rights and opportunities resulted in
A a constitutional amendment for integration of all public facilities.
B the Cold War.
C the Supreme Court making segregation legal.
D improvements in the lives of other minorities and women.

12. Cuba became a communist country because
A it was invaded and conquered by the Soviet Union.
B Fidel Castro established a communist government.
C the Cuban people voted for a communist government.
D Cubans only wanted to trade with communist countries.

13. Use the map and your social studies skills to answer the following question.

Map of the Euphrates River

Using the map, identify the major factor that influences control of the Euphrates River.
A canals
B dikes
C bridges
D dams

14. In Latin America, Catholic nuns and priests developed liberation theology, which called for
A a communist revolution.
B the migration of poor people from cities to farms.
C social justice and an end to poverty.
D the conversion of Protestants, Jews, and Muslims to Catholicism.

15. Which of the following countries have democratically elected governments?
A Turkey and Israel
B Iran and Iraq
C Jordan and Saudi Arabia
D Lebanon and Syria

16. The oil boom and foreign investment in Mexico resulted in
A a big increase in the number of middle-class Mexicans.
B an end to unemployment in Mexico.
C closing the gap between rich and poor.
D most Mexicans remaining poor.

17. Nelson Mandela was a political prisoner in South Africa for nearly 30 years. After he was released from prison, he was elected President of South Africa. Based on this information, which of the following seems to be a logical conclusion?
A Non-violent political struggle is less effective than armed revolution.
B Prisons teach people how to become good leaders.
C Imprisoning a good leader may not stop him from leading.
D Apartheid helped get Mandela elected president.

18. What is the common name used to describe Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Taiwan as a group?
A Eastern Bengals
B Pacific Rim
C Asian Tigers
D Southeast Asia

19. Use the graph and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

The title reads: Urbanization in Brazil. There are two pie charts. The top chart shows information from 1994. It says that the population in Brazil is 22.4% rural and 77.6% urban. The bottom chart shows an estimate from the year 2025. It says that the population in Brazil will be 11.1% rural and 88.9% urban.

Based on the graph, what is the estimated migration pattern of Brazilians?
A By 2025, half the population will be rural and half will be urban.
B The population will have changed from mostly rural in 1994 to mostly urban by 2025.
C Urbanization will continue to increase from 1994 to 2025.
D The trend toward urbanization will be reversed by 2025.

20. In Africa, the spread of drought and deforestation caused
A an increase in canal building.
B hunger and migration.
C rapid population growth.
D a decrease in tropical diseases.