Concept 1 Review: Nucleotide Structure
The basic building block of DNA is the nucleotide.
The nucleotide in DNA consists of a sugar (deoxyribose), one of four bases (cytosine (C), thymine (T), adenine (A), guanine (G)), and a phosphate. Cytosine and thymine are pyrimidine bases, while adenine and guanine are purine bases. The sugar and the base together are called a nucleoside.
A Closer Look at Chemical Structure of a Nucleotide