Pearson, as an active contributor to the biology learning community, is pleased to provide free access to the Classic edition of The Biology Place to all educators and their students.
The purpose of the activities is to help you review material you have already studied in class or have read in your text. Some of the material will extend your knowledge beyond your classwork or textbook reading. At the end of each activity, you can assess your progress through a Self-Quiz.
To begin, click on an activity title.
Lab 2 Enzyme Catalysis
Mitosis and Meiosis
Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis
6-I Bacterial Transformation
6-II DNA Electrophoresis
Genetics of Organisms
Population Genetics and Evolution
10-I Cardiovascular Fitness
10-II Heart Rate in Daphnia
Biomembranes I: Membrane Structure and Transport
Biomembranes II: Membrane Dynamics and Communication
Cardiovascular System I: The Beating Heart
Cardiovascular System II: The Vascular Highway
Cell Structure and Function
DNA Structure and Replication
From Gene to Protein: Transcription
From Gene to Protein: Translation (Protein Synthesis)
Plant Structure and Growth
Properties of Biomolecules
Restriction Enzyme Digestion of DNA
The lac Operon in E. coli
Concept 3: Different Genes for Different RNAs
There are 4 types of RNA, each encoded by its own type of gene.
The genomic DNA contains all the information for the structure and function of an organism.
In any cell, only some of the genes are expressed, that is, transcribed into RNA.
There are 4 types of RNA, each encoded by its own type of gene:
- mRNA - Messenger RNA: Encodes amino acid sequence of a polypeptide.
- tRNA - Transfer RNA: Brings amino acids to ribosomes during translation.
- rRNA - Ribosomal RNA: With ribosomal proteins, makes up the ribosomes, the organelles that translate the mRNA.
- snRNA - Small nuclear RNA: With proteins, forms complexes that are used in RNA processing in eukaryotes. (Not found in prokaryotes.)