Pearson, as an active contributor to the biology learning community, is pleased to provide free access to the Classic edition of The Biology Place to all educators and their students.
The purpose of the activities is to help you review material you have already studied in class or have read in your text. Some of the material will extend your knowledge beyond your classwork or textbook reading. At the end of each activity, you can assess your progress through a Self-Quiz.
To begin, click on an activity title.
Lab 2 Enzyme Catalysis
Mitosis and Meiosis
Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis
6-I Bacterial Transformation
6-II DNA Electrophoresis
Genetics of Organisms
Population Genetics and Evolution
10-I Cardiovascular Fitness
10-II Heart Rate in Daphnia
Biomembranes I: Membrane Structure and Transport
Biomembranes II: Membrane Dynamics and Communication
Cardiovascular System I: The Beating Heart
Cardiovascular System II: The Vascular Highway
Cell Structure and Function
DNA Structure and Replication
From Gene to Protein: Transcription
From Gene to Protein: Translation (Protein Synthesis)
Plant Structure and Growth
Properties of Biomolecules
Restriction Enzyme Digestion of DNA
The lac Operon in E. coli
E. coli Bacteria
Escherichia coli is the most common bacterium in the human gut. It has been extensively studied in the laboratory and is an important research organism for molecular biology.
E. coli reproduce very rapidly; a single microscopic cell can divide to form a visible colony with millions of cells overnight. Like all bacteria, E. coli has no nuclear envelope surrounding the bacterial chromosome and thus no true nucleus. All of the genes required for basic survival and reproduction are found in the single chromosome. Some E. coli cells also contain plasmids, small DNA molecules that carry genes for certain specialized functions, including resistance to specific drugs.