Pearson, as an active contributor to the biology learning community, is pleased to provide free access to the Classic edition of The Biology Place to all educators and their students.
The purpose of the activities is to help you review material you have already studied in class or have read in your text. Some of the material will extend your knowledge beyond your classwork or textbook reading. At the end of each activity, you can assess your progress through a Self-Quiz.
To begin, click on an activity title.
Lab 2 Enzyme Catalysis
Mitosis and Meiosis
Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis
6-I Bacterial Transformation
6-II DNA Electrophoresis
Genetics of Organisms
Population Genetics and Evolution
10-I Cardiovascular Fitness
10-II Heart Rate in Daphnia
Biomembranes I: Membrane Structure and Transport
Biomembranes II: Membrane Dynamics and Communication
Cardiovascular System I: The Beating Heart
Cardiovascular System II: The Vascular Highway
Cell Structure and Function
DNA Structure and Replication
From Gene to Protein: Transcription
From Gene to Protein: Translation (Protein Synthesis)
Plant Structure and Growth
Properties of Biomolecules
Restriction Enzyme Digestion of DNA
The lac Operon in E. coli
How to Calculate Leaf Surface Area
The rate of transpiration is measured as the amount of water lost/ square meter/ minute. Because water evaporates through the many stomata on the leaf surface, the rate of transpiration is directly related to the surface area. To arrive at the rate of transpiration, therefore, you must calculate the leaf surface area of each plant: Because most stomata are found in the lower epidermis, you will determine that surface area.
- Lay the leaves to be measured on a 1-cm grid and trace their outlines.
- Count the number of square centimeters. Estimate the area of the partial squares. (Here's a simple method for this estimate: Count a partial square if it is at least half covered by the leaf; do not count partial squares that are less than half covered.
- Do not include the area of the stem (petiole) in your calculations.
What is the surface area of this leaf in cm2?